CONSULTING OF PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH MONTSE VALLS GINER

CONSULTING OF PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH MONTSE VALLS GINER

GOOGLE+
FACEBOOK
YOUTUBE
ISSUU
 

 

  Home

The Consulting

Who We Are

Where We Are Contact Facilities Media Books  
 
 

CONSULTING OF PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH MONTSE VALLS GINER

 
     
 

PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY GLOSSARY

 
 

 

 
     
 

PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY GLOSSARYFrom these pages, our center provides you with a description of the symptoms of the most common diseases and disorders of the mind. Know that this relationship is purely informational and should under no circumstances be used for diagnostic, as this mission is optional, only, duly qualified professionals.

To make it easier to use, this relationship is sorted alphabetically. If you know the name of the disorder or disease that interests you, click on the letter that its name starts, in the following menu to go to the page that contains it.

 

| A (to Anorexia) | A (from Anorgasmia) | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | X | Y | Z |

Or if you prefer, directly looking for the name, you're interested in the alphabetical list of all the disorders or diseases that we see in this glossary, we offer you below:

E

| ECHOLALIA | ENDOGENOUS DEPRESSION | ENURESIS | EMPHATIC LANGUAGE | EPILEPSY | EPILEPTIC SEIZURES | ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION | EROTIC ASPHYXIATION (KOTZWARA'S SYNDROME) | EXHIBITIONISM | EXOGENOUS DEPRESSION | EXOGENOUS DISORDER | EXPLOSIVE PERSONALITY DISORDER |

F

| FREEZING MIMICRY | FROTTEURISM | FLIGHT OF IDEAS |

G

| GRANDEUR DELUSIONAL IDEAS | GERONTOPHILIA |

H

| HALLUCINATIONS | HALLUCINATIONS (INDUCED) | HALLUCINATIONS (OF PRESENCE) | HALLUCINOSIS | HEBEPHRENIC SCHIZOPHRENIA | HEMIANOPSIA | HEMIASOMATOGNOSIA | HISTRIONIC PERSONALITY DISORDER | HYPERMNESIA | HYPERMIMIA | HYPERPROSEXIA | HYPERSEXUALITY | HYPERSOMNIA | HYPOMIMIA | HYPOPROSEXIA | HYPOSEXUALITY | HYSTERIA (NEUROSIS OF HYSTERIA) | HYSTERIA OF CONVERSION | HYSTERIA OF DISSOCIATION |

INITIAL

NAME

CHARACTERISTICS AND SYMPTOMS

HABITUAL TREATMENT


E


ECHOLALIA

Go to menu


It is a rhythm disturbance of thought consisting of the repetition speculate what the interviewer says. It is a way in which verbigeration repeated immediately and automatically, you just heard.

Its origin is usually framed in psychotic disorders.
 


The treatment, is psychiatric and pharmacologic.


ENDOGENOUS
DEPRESSION

Go to menu


The patient, be depressed and there may come a time when all activity is suspended. It is often difficult to answer the questions put to him. It is also known as major depression.

The depressive mood, comes the most desperate condition and there is a risk of suicide. There is also important psychomotor retardation, stupor, although in some cases there may be movement exaltation. Thought disorder are given, (delusions: delusional ideas of ruin and culpability). Usually accompanied with insomnia second time (early awakening). Diurnal and seasonal variations (usually worse in the morning and spring and autumn). Hypotension. Loss of sexual appetite. Deep and persistent sadness. Weight loss. Loss of the rule. Headache. Back pain. There is a clear difference between the depressive stage and stages of normal.

It is considered that there are hereditary factors. It is typical of the manic-depressive psychosis. They are divided into bipolar (there is alternation between manic and depressive phases of euphoria or phases), the episodes are shorter and unipolar, occur more in women, there is only depression and episodes are longer.
 


The treatment, is psychiatric and pharmacologic antidepressant and bipolar with lithium salts. Detention may be necessary in some cases. In cases of suicide risk and in very deep tables can be used electroshocks.


ENURESIS

Go to menu


When a child over 4 or 5 years, still wetting the bed at night, we can consider that this condition exists. It is usually more common in boys than in girls.

It can occur in two ways:
- Primary (he has never stopped bedwetting).
- Secondary (after a period, which must be several months of bedwetting problem recurs).

When the problem is in young children, usually always have psychological causes. If it occurs in adults, there may be organic causes
 


The most common treatment, is the psychological therapy


EMPHATIC LANGUAGE

Go to menu 


It is a way of speaking pompous and mannered, usually seen in schizophrenic disorders.
 


The treatment, is psychiatric and pharmacologic.


EPILEPS
Y

Go to menu
 


SEE
EPILEPTIC SEIZURES

 


EPILEPTIC
SEIZURES

Go to menu


Epileptic seizures are caused by nerve disease and manifest as convulsions and disturbance or loss of sense.
 


The treatment is neurologic and pharmacologic and in some cases surgical.


ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION

Go to menu


Is the lack of erection due to anxiety.

There may be cases where the problem is physiological
 


Once discarded organic problems, the best thing to treat erectile dysfunction are psychological and / or sexological therapies
 


EROTIC ASPHYXIATION -  KOTZWARA'S SYNDROME

Go to menu


It is a disorder of sexual behavior, where pleasure is obtained by erotic asphyxiation. This practice is really dangerous and in some cases, deaths have been reported, in practice, such as the Czech composer Frantizek Kotzwara, who was killed in 1791 by practicing. This syndrome is named after the composer since the first case was recorded.
 


The treatment is psychiatric


EXHIBITIONISM

Go to menu


This disorder of sexual behavior, is to obtain sexual pleasure, through the exhibition of the sexual organ of a person of the opposite sex in public places, or unexpectedly.

People with the disorder, which affects a much greater extent males, people are very uninhibited sex lives, which, although subject to criticism and scandal, are usually harmless. There is no connection with the rapist.

They tend to seek help only if they are discovered or hurts their self-esteem.
 


The treatment is psychiatric and / or psychological.


EXOGENOUS DEPRESSION

Go to menu


Also known as reactive, is less intense than endogenous depression and is a result of the response to certain external stimuli. Sadness is not as intense. There is concern but the ideas are not so black. The depressing effect is accompanied by anxiety. Insomnia, if any, is first-time or frequent waking.

No circadian rhythms. The variations are linked to the contingencies of life.

There are large differences between normal times and depression.
No prevalence remains on children.
 


The best results in the treatment, is obtained with psychological therapies. Can not find efficiency in the use of antidepressants and electroshock, no effect.


EXOGENOUS DISORDER

Go to menu
 


It is the one produced by external factors, physical, chemical or biological attacks the central nervous system (such as meningitis disease, hyperthyroidism, atherosclerosis, infectious diseases, poisoning by narcotics, drinking, toxic for professional use, brain tumors, etc.). They are divided into two groups: Symptomatic (in which the brain has altered its functionality but architecture There is no malfunction, but no injuries) and organic (The brain has an injury, damaged tissue).
 


The treatment can be, depending on the source, psychiatric, neurological and / or medical.


EXPLOSIVE PERSONALITY DISORDER

Go to menu


It is included in personality disorders and is characterized by states of anger and irritability.
 


Psychiatric and / or psychological treatment.


F


FREEZING OF MIMIC

Go to menu


It is the ultimate expression of decreased facial expression.

Usually occurs in parkinson, endogenous depression and catatonic schizophrenia.


The treatment, is neurologic and/or psychiatric and pharmacologic and usually requires hospitalization.


FROTTEURISM

Go to menu


The person suffering from this disorder of sexual behavior, gets sexual pleasure by rubbing her genitals with bodies of the other sex, in situations of agglomeration, such as public transport at rush hour.
 


Psychiatric and / or psychological treatment.


FLIGHT OF  IDEAS

Go to menu


The disorder of thought content, is that due to an acceleration thereof, a lack of logical connection between the different ideas occurs. This leads to cause the appearance of a seemingly incoherent speech, because although the associative logic, is the normal acceleration causes the language is incomprehensible. This flight of ideas, can be of different phrases and with effort, you can sometimes get to grasp the meaning.
 


The treatment, is psychiatric and pharmacologic


G


GRANDEUR DELUSIONAL IDEAS

Go to menu


Delusional ideas of grandeur are those in which the patient thinks he is a great character, with great powers of body transformation. Think I could reduce the body.


The treatment, is psychiatric and pharmacologic.


GERONTOPHILIA

Go to menu


This disorder is a disorder of sexual behavior, sexual pleasure which is obtained by observation or physical interaction with elderly.
 


Psychiatric treatment.


H


HALLUCINATIONS

Go to menu


The hallucinations consist of the perception of nonexistent objects.

Must meet three requirements:
- Proceed from abroad
- Lack of real object of perception
- Lack of awareness of the disease by the affected, regarding the hallucination.

The quality, tone, appearance of hallucinatory perception, must meet the same characteristics as if it were real. It should not be a real perception. The individual must be certain that this perception is real.

When it is certain that there are hallucinations, put us on the track:
- Organic disorders.
- Alterations caused by some kind of epilepsy.
- Alterations produced by tumors in the frontal lobe.


The treatment will be neurological, psychiatric or neuropsychiatric.


HALLUCINATIONS (INDUCED)

Go to menu

 


For induced hallucinations, which are understood as the result from sensory deprivation. If there any sense deprivation, it is common hallucinations occur. For example a person who have operated the view and should lead blindfolded for some time, may suffer visual hallucinatory phenomena.


In cases where necessary, the treatment will be neurological, psychiatric or neuropsychiatric.


HALLUCINATIONS (OF PRESENCE)

Go to menu


The presence hallucinations consist of "see" a person or object, out of sight (ex. behind) or in the perception of an object or person through a channel that is not right. For example having the feeling of seeing by foot or "see" smells, or "hear" flavors.

This disorder is almost exclusively associated with schizophrenia.


The treatment, is psychiatric and pharmacologic in the most part of cases.


HALLUCINOSIS

Go to menu


This delusional disorder, meets only two of the rules of hallucinations, for example smell something that looks authentic, so it meets with the external perception. Also fulfills the second condition, since there is no real object. But you miss the third, since the subject knows it is not real, is aware of his illness.

The causes may be:
- Brain Tumors.
- Epilepsy.
- Poisoning by ingestion of narcotics or drinking (drinking is the most common cause). In fact in cases where a long time is carried drinking, chronic intoxication, which leads to the Wernicke alcoholic hallucinosis where auditory hallucinations may occur spontaneously, even in the absence of withdrawal syndrome may occur.

The subject is not dazed. There is no confusion of consciousness.


Usually solved by psychiatric or neuropsychiatric treatment.


HEBEPHRENIC SCHIZOPHRENIA

Go to menu

 
The schizophrenia are chronic psychotic illnesses. The sufferer, is often unaware of their disease and lose the universal logic of things.

The hebephrenic schizophrenia, usually presented to the thirteen or fourteen. Evolves as a process and disorganized symptoms (positive and negative). The levels in this type of schizophrenia, can move very quickly and within about four years, have provoked very high damage.

The response to treatment is very low.
 


Psychiatric and pharmacologic treatment and in some cases electroshock. Usually with very poor results.


HEMIANOPSIA

Go to menu


It is a disorder in the group of agnosia, where the affected due to a brain injury, is prevented for a part of the visual field, but is aware of it and corrected by head turning.
 


Treatment is neurological


HEMIASOMATOGNOSIA

Go to menu


It is an affection in agnosia, where the sufferer ceases to be aware of a part of your body, usually the left, with injuries to the right side of the brain. Not capture the sensitivity of this part and are not aware of it.
 


Treatment is neurological.


HISTRIONIC PERSONALITY DISORDER

Go to menu


It is included in personality disorders and is characterized by the states of overacting to get attention, like those of hysterical neurosis


Psychiatric and / or psychological treatment.


HYPERMNESIA

Go to menu


It is a pathological increase of memory. So excessive increases the ability to store (record, retain, recall). Usually it is associated with other disorders or diseases (manic disorders, obsessive disorders, mental weakness, etc.)
 


Treatment is neurological


HYPERMIMIA

Go to menu


It is a psychomotor disorder in which the affected tends to produce a lot of gestures, grimaces, which vary throughout the conversation.

Evidence manic states and / or anxiety


Psychiatric treatment.


HYPERPROSEXIA

Go to menu

 


It is a condition of increased attention. Those affected are set to all the stimuli that come to them, but this leads them to poor performance and a state of low attention, for they try to be aware of everything at once.

It may be a result of anxiety, manic states or narcotics use.
 


The treatment, is psychiatric and pharmacologic.


HYPERSEXUALITY

Go to menu


It is a pathological increase of sexual appetite, which may be associated with schizophrenia, mania or by consumption of toxic.
 


Psychiatric treatment


HYPERSOMNIA

Go to menu


It consists of, pathological excessive sleepiness. There are too drowsy wakefulness and requires many hours of sleep. They may be secondary (those that result from trauma, tumors, encephalitis, hypothyroidism, etc.) and where the only sign primary or most prominent, is the same drowsiness.
 


The treatment may be medical, neuronal or psychiatric depending on the type of hypersomnia.


HYPOMIMIA

Go to menu


It is a pathological decrease in facial expression. It usually occurs in endogenous depression, schizophrenia and dementia.
 


Psychiatric and / or neurologic treatment.


HYPOPROSEXIA

Go to menu


It is a condition of decreased attention. Those affected have a hard time paying attention to things and as a result is associated with memory deficits.

It can be caused by various diseases, ranging from organic brain disorders, through apathy associated with depression and schizophrenia, to the lack of interest in dementia and oligophrenias.
 


The treatment is set according to the cause of the disorder, which may be neurological or psychiatric and pharmacologic


HYPOSEXUALITY

Go to menu


It is the loss of desire and sex drive. It manifests itself in neurotic, depressive and some schizophrenia.
 


Psychiatric treatment.


HYSTERIA (NEUROSIS OF HYSTERIA)

Go to menu

 


Hysteria is a type of neurosis, which usually occurs in immature or emotionally unstable people, low frustration tolerance. Frustration leads to anger them, anxiety, irritability. In response to this frustration the patient tends to manipulate people who have been convicted of the alleged frustration. They can invent diseases as paralysis of the legs or arms, loss of speech, epileptic crises appear, vision loss, etc. These symptoms begin to appear when secondary benefits are obtained, as increased attention, better treatment. The patient is acting unconsciously, will not put in all this, just have a psychological inability to get best resources and then uses this "action", but that is absolutely not deliberate or controllable.
 


The best results are obtained by psychological therapy.


HYSTERIA OF CONVERSION

Go to menu

 


The symptoms of hysteria are not only physical but also mental. If symptoms is within the somatic line, it would then of conversion hysteria
 


Treatment is by psychological therapy, but may also require psychiatric treatment


HYSTERIA OF DISSOCIATION

Go to menu

 


The symptoms of hysteria are not only physical but also mental. If the symptoms are within the mental line, then it would be Dissociation of Hysteria
 


Treatment is by psychological therapy, but may also require psychiatric treatment

 

 
 

CONSULTING OF PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH MONTSE VALLS GINER

 

 

 Consulting of Psychology and Health Montse Valls Giner
Powered by
Monvall.com